archive: SETI Check_Subject

SETI Check_Subject

Yvan Dutil ( Yvan.Dutil@drev.dnd.ca )
Tue, 01 Jun 1999 09:00:28 -0400

Thsi is a draft proposal of about the principles governing the
transmission to potential extra-terrestrial. It is a combinaison of
different proposition which I put together. In our case (Encounter 2001),
We (Me and Stphane Duams) tried the best we could to follow those
recommendation. I think a position should be taken very soon on the
problem of ACTIVE SETI. To my knowledge, there is at least five project
in preparation. Two of them are from publicity firm.

Yvan Dutil

Declaration on the principle governing the broadcast to potential
extra-terrestrial civilisations.

Notwitstanding, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, ratified
by the UN General Assembly in 1948. Specifically, Article 19 states,

"Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right
includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek,
receive and impart information and ideas through any media and
regardless of frontiers."

Those who will broadcast such signal will become 'de facto' a self-appointed
abassador of the Earth. In this particuliar situation, the message send to
space
should be assimilated to a spacecraft. It is therefore expected than the
proponent
will act accordingly to the general principle of the Outer Space Treaty:

*the exploration and use of outer space shall be carried out for the benefit
and in the interests of all countries and shall be the province of all
mankind;

*outer space shall be free for exploration and use by all States;

*outer space is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty,
by means of use or occupation, or by any other means;

*States shall not place nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction
in orbit or on celestial bodies or station them in outer space in any other
manner;

*the Moon and other celestial bodies shall be used exclusively for peaceful
purposes;

*astronauts shall be regarded as the envoys of mankind;

*States shall be responsible for national space activities whether carried out
by governmental or non-governmental activities;

*States shall be liable for damage caused by their space objects;

* and States shall avoid harmful contamination of space and celestial bodies.

More specifictly the proponent of those transmission should follow the
recommendation
of the Article IX, of the outer space treaty.

In the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other
celestial
bodies, States Parties to the Treaty shall be guided by the principle of
co-operation
and mutual assistance and shall conduct all their activities in outer
space, including
the moon and other celestial bodies, with due regard to the corresponding
interests of
all other States Parties to the Treaty. States Parties to the Treaty shall
pursue
studies of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, and
conduct
exploration of them so as to avoid their harmful contamination and also
adverse changes
in the environment of the Earth resulting from the introduction of
extraterrestrial
matter and, where necessary, shall adopt appropriate measures for this
purpose. If a
State Party to the Treaty has reasonto believe that an activity or
experiment planned
by it or its nationals in outer space, including the moon and other
celestial bodies,
would cause potentially harmful interference with activities of other
States Parties
in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and
other celestial
bodies, it shall undertake appropriate international consultations before
proceeding
with any such activity or experiment. A State Party to the Treaty which has
reason to
believe that an activity or experiment planned by another State Party in
outer space,
including the moon and other celestial bodies, would cause potentially harmful
interference with activities in the peaceful exploration and use of outer
space,
including the moon and other celestial bodies, may request consultation
concerning
the activity or experiment.

More specifictly those step should be followed:

-The proponent should notify the following organisation before the
transmission, in order
the insure these transmission will not harm others research project:

the International Telecommunication Union,
the Committee on Space Research, of the International Council of
Scientific Unions,
the International Astronautical Federation,
the International Academy of Astronautics,
the International Institute of Space Law,
Commission 51 of the International Astronomical Union
and Commission J of the International Radio.
Science Union.

-The message itself should be reviewed by people external to the project.
This is to
insure the quality and the reliability of the informations send in the
message. Also,
this will insure the political neutrality of the message:

No message should offer anything on the behalf of the humankind as a
whole
or on behalf of any group.

No message should make any threat or indicate any hostility toward
ETI. Similarly,
no message should indicate either our subordination to ETI or their
subordination to us.

Each message should note that in an attempt to increase
intelligibility, a coherent but
necessarily selective message is been sent. Although this message
should be broadly
representative of a range of human perspectives, it should be
explicitely noted that it
does not encompass the views of all individuals on earth.

-The details of the transmission should be documented extensively and
carefully archived.
This archive should contain information about signal characteristics, time of
transmission, and target for each transmission, as well as highlighting any
message
content about requested reply message from ETI (eg preferred signal
chracateristics
and time of reply)