After seven years of struggle, my book on Planetary SETI has been
published in April 1999. I would greatly appreciate sending the
book abstract to interested persons, potential translators and
Thank you in advance.
Alexey V. Arkhipov. SELENITES. Moscow: Novation, 1998, in Russian
(ISBN 5-89553-002-8, 192 p., 21 ill., 294 ref., hard cover)
This book is a popular introduction to the problems of the
search for traces of extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI) on the Moon,
"Selenites" is a name given to lunar inhabitants in sci-fi literature.
This author does not confirm that our satellite is inhabited, only
presenting arguments which motivate the archaeological reconnaissance
of the Moon.
The first chapter ("Is News About the Moon Well Forgotten Old
One?") directs the reader's attention to the strangely correct
ancient notions concerning our satellite. For example, lunar mountains
are described quite realistically as "SMOOTH heights" in the dialogue
of Plutarch (46-120 AD). However, the thick regolith cover smoothing
the lunar relief was unknown before our missions to the Moon.
According to ancient sources, Plutarch correctly wrote about "the
country of death on the Moon" where there was "nothing spoilt and
rotten". He also noted "light" life on the Moon and the mass of the
satellite ("Moon is 1/72 part of the Earth"). Other ancient knowledge
concerning the Moon (e.g. the extreme cold there) correctly reflects
the physical reality which only became known in our own time.
The second chapter ("Guests from the Moon") is a search for the
possible source of this unusual information. Ancient texts and
folklore describe "Beings from the Moon" and detailed reviews of such
personages is presented. Their contacts with terrestrials about 4-5
millenium ago could explain anomalous lunar knowledge.
The third chapter ("Hunt for Selenites") is a review of searches
for selenites up to our time. This search was begun by the great
astronomer J. Kepler in 1610. Amongst his followers were known
astronomers: D. Fabricius, J.H. Schroeter, F.P. von Gruithuisen,
K.F. Gauss et al. The subject of searching for ETI on the Moon is now
popular in the sensational press (e.g.: the books of G.H. Leonard and
F. Steckling and the works of Richard Hoagland). The critical review
of such publications is discussed in this book.
The fourth chapter ("Is the Moon an Outpost of the Universe?")
justifies the interest in extraterrestrial scouts to the Earth and
the Moon. For the first time, K.E. Tsiolkovsky (the pioneer in space
rocket theory and space philosophy) wrote about this in 1925-28. Now,
similar ideas are published by many authoritative scientists.
The Pentagon and NASA has considered the Moon a strategic base near
our unique planet and travelers from other stars could also use the
If the Moon is a base for ETI, the alien artificial satellites
could orbit the Earth. NASA experts concluded that small, natural
satellite-boulders (>10m) are almost improbable. However, dozens of
unidentified satellite-like objects were observed before the first
satellite launch in 1957. The fifth chapter ("Secret of Other Moons")
is a detailed review of such reports since Anaxagoras (c. 500-428 BC)
up to our present time.
If alien satellites and trash orbit our planet, they could fall
to Earth as well as our space vehicles and debris. The sixth chapter
("Extraterrestrial Souvenirs") describes the fallings from fireballs,
apparently artificial subjects (artifacts) long before 1957. Similar
events have been reported from antiquity to our present time.
Moreover, melted, metallic artifact-like finds have been extracted
from pre-human geological layers.
The seventh chapter ("Is the <Razor of Occam> Dangerous?")
discusses a methodology of the search for ETI. It is shown that the
"presumption of naturality" of planetology is quite ineffective in
a search for artificial phenomena. The free competition among
"natural" and "artificial" explanations of candidates in ETI
manifestations is the most adequate strategy. The following chapters
are the creations of "artificial" hypotheses- alternatives for the
start of such a competitive process.
The eighth chapter ("Manifestation of Intelligence?") gives
analysis of data from NASA's "Lunar Transient Phenomena Catalog"
(1978) concerning unexplained night lights, reflections of sunlight
from some mirrors, "searchlights", and moving objects on the Moon.
Many such reports from former USSR observers are now published for
the first time. It is difficult to explain these phenomena in terms
of natural processes; they seem to be artificial so it is possible
that such transient lunar phenomena can be considered as probable
If somebody is on the Moon he must respond to the invasion from
Earth which began in 1959. A provocation is the popular military
method for a revealing of disposition and the facilities of an enemy.
For the first time, searching for reactions from the Moon regarding
terrestrial probes is considered in the ninth chapter ("Invasion of
Terrestrials"). It is shown that transient dust clouds and red spots
on the Moon obviously correlate with our activity in certain regions
of the satellite. This effect is real. It is hardly possible to
explain the "invasion effect" in terms of selection.
The tenth chapter ("Guidebook for Archaeologists") is a
compilation of objects and regions on the Moon which are promising
for archaeological reconnaissance. Much information regarding
anomalous phenomena and details concerning the Moon is collected and
Finally, the eleventh chapter ("Conclusion and Prospects")
concludes that an archaeological reconnaissance of the Moon is
justified. The opportunities for it will occur in the future with
the construction of a lunar base. However, it is reasonable to
prepare for the exploration in situ at this time. As the USA, Europe
and Japan already have plans for new missions to the Moon, the search
for ETI there will be done indirectly, at the least. The main task of
this book is to direct the public's attention toward this inevitable
This book is illustrated, including detailed references.
Prof. Oleg A. Deineko
8, Bolshoy Znamenskij per., Apt. 33,
Moscow 121019 RUSSIA
Yuriy N. Morozov, PhD
Alexey V. Arkhipov, PhD
Institute of Radio Astronomy,
Nat. Acad. Sc. of Ukraine,
4, Krasnoznamennaya str.,
Kharkov 310002 UKRAINE