archiv~1.txt: SETI Space Life Science Database now Free

SETI Space Life Science Database now Free

Larry Klaes ( lklaes@bbn.com )
Wed, 17 Mar 1999 15:28:56 -0500

>Date: Wed, 17 Mar 1999 14:36:58 -0500 (EST)
>Reply-To: fpspace@SOLAR.RTD.UTK.EDU
>Originator: fpspace@solar.cini.utk.edu
>Sender: fpspace@SOLAR.RTD.UTK.EDU
>From: David M Harland <dm.harland@cableol.co.uk>
>To: Multiple recipients of list <fpspace@SOLAR.RTD.UTK.EDU>
>Subject: Space Life Science Database now Free
>X-Comment: Friends and Partners in Space
>
>Subject: Space Life Science Database now Free
>
>
>SPACELINE, the on-line searchable Web-based database of the space life
>sciences is now free for all to use. SPACELINE is a bibliographic
>database composed of citations and publications on life sciences
>research related to space. SPACELINE is designed to provide
>bibliographic information to researchers in the United States and
>abroad, as well as to librarians, students, and the general public. The
>database was established through the cooperative efforts of the National
>Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Library of
>Medicine (NLM), a part of the National Institutes of Health. NLM is the
>world's leader in providing accessible online databases in the
>biomedical sciences. SPACELINE, one of NLM's specialized databases, is
>similar in structure to MEDLINE, the best known of the Library's
>databases.
>
>Scope of the Database:
>
>* Clinical medical support to humans in space
>* Psychological, behavioral, and human factors involved in living in the
>space environment
>* Physiology, metaboloism, and growth and development of cells, organs,
>and systems of humans, animals, and plants as they are affected by the
>space environment, particularly weightlnessness
>* Environmental protection and support of humans in space, including
>life support, toxicology, and radiation
>* Origin, evolution, and distribution of life in the universe
>* Applications of bioengineering to space life sciences research
>* Applications of space life sciences research to the improvement of
>life on Earth
>
>Content of Database:
>
>SPACELINE contains references to publications containing results of
>ground-based and flight research, both domestic and international, from
>1961 to the present. The database contents include a subset of NLM's
>MEDLINE, CATLINE, and AVLINE databases plus additional space life
>sciences references. Types of publications included are journal
>articles, technical reports, books and book chapters, meeting papers and
>abstracts. Like MEDLINE, SPACELINE employs NLM's Medical Subject
>Headings (MeSH) as the search vocabulary. Terms unique to the space
>life scienes have been added to MeSH to facilitate SPACELINE searching.
>A distinctive feature of SPACELINE is the Space Flight
>Mission/Experimental field, which was created so references to
>particular flights or groups of flights can be found.
>
>Access to Database:
>
>SPACELINE can be accessed via modem or Internet at no charge. Go to
>http://igm.nlm.nih.gov and choose the SPACELINE database.
>
>
>Example product of search:
>
>TITLE: Psychological considerations of man in space: problems &
>solutions.
>AUTHORS: Kass J; Kass R; Samaltedinov I
>AUTHOR AFFILIATION: OHB-System, Space & Environmental Technology,
>Operations/Human Factors, Bremen, Germany.
>SOURCE: Acta Astronaut. 1995 Oct-Dec;36(8-12):657-60.
>SECONDARY SOURCE ID: NASA/00022355
>ABSTRACT: With concrete plans for long duration flight taking form a
>new impetus is lent to preparing man for this hostile and unnatural
>environment. Cramped conditions, isolation from family and loved ones,
>work stress, fear, and incompatibility with fellow crew, are but a few
>of the problems suffered by astronauts and cosmonauts during their long
>missions in orbit about the earth. Although criteria for selection of
>crew is one aspect of attacking the problem, it has not solved it.
>Notwithstanding good selection, team combination, and counselling before
>flight, problems have still occurred with unwanted consequences.
>Incompatibility of team members, far from being the exception, has been
>frequent. This has been detrimental both physiologically and
>psychologically for the individual as well as for the operational
>success and safety of the missions. Because problems will inevitably
>occur in future long duration missions, especially when they are of
>international and multi-cultural nature, the importance of dealing with
>them is underlined. This paper takes a different approach towards
>ameliorating these problems, namely that of psychological group training
>before a mission.
>
>MAIN MESH HEADINGS:
>*Adaptation, Psychological
>Astronauts/*PSYCHOLOGY
>*Group Processes
>*Social Isolation
>*Space Flight
>*Weightlessness
>
>ADDITIONAL MESH
>HEADINGS:
>Aerospace Medicine
>Astronauts/EDUCATION
> Human
>Human Engineering
>Interpersonal Relations
>Personnel Selection
>Stress, Psychological
>
>PUBLICATION TYPES: JOURNAL ARTICLE
> LANGUAGES: Eng
> ISSN: 0094-5765
>
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