Here is a very interesting article form the website Technovelgy: Science Fiction in the News, http://www.technovelgy.com/ct/content.asp?Bnum=830
City of Space
A very early reference to an enormous cylindrical space station.
This is the earliest reference found (thus far) in science fiction for the idea of a cylindrical space station that is spun to create artificial gravity.
"The City of Space is in a cylinder," Captain Smith said. "Roughly five thousand feet in diameter, and about that high. it is built largely of meteoric iron which we captured from a meteoric swarm making navigation safe and getting useful metal at the same time. The cylinder whirls constantly, with such speed that the centrifugal force against the sides equals the force of gravity on the earth. The city is built around the inside of the cylinder - so that one can look up and see his neighbor's house, apparently upside down, a mile above his head. We enter through a lock in one end of the cylinder."
From The Prince of Space, by Jack Williamson.
Published by Amazing Stories in 1931
This same idea is stated in detail in The Problem of Space Travel - The Rocket Moto, written by Herman Potocnik (pseudonym Hermann Noordung) in 1928. The book was published in German in 1929, and was translated into Russian in 1935; it was finally translated into english by NASA in 1999).
Alex Michael Bonnici
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