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From: Larry Klaes (
Date: Thu May 24 2001 - 11:16:55 PDT

-----Original Message-----
From: Larry Kellogg []
Sent: Thursday, May 24, 2001 1:00 PM
Cc: Larry Kellogg

Good day to you who are looking up. And what will you see? Get your
CCD cameras and telescopes ready, a new movie in the making. Maybe
your home video.


Welcome to the Small Telescope Science Program's Homepage for the
Deep Impact Mission The Small Telescope Science Program (STSP) is a
joint effort between
technically-proficient amateur astronomers, professional astronomers with
discretionary telescope time, and private observatories to gather valuable
ground-based optical data on Comet Tempel 1, the target of the Deep Impact

I have copied the NASA Headquarters News release indicating a robotic
spacecraft mission to blow a hole in a comet has been approved. What
do we see inside?



I have also repeated the announcement of the on line availability of
the "Ride report" I had not read the report before and I have been
comparing it with where we are today. Much food for thought.

Many of the anticipated dates have slipped, still it lists the things
that not only the US could do to be a leader in space exploration,
but I think, gives a very good description of what most of you would
like to see happen, with everyone around the world being participants.

If you have not looked at the report, may I suggest you do. Just
substitute your home town for the USA and think about what you would
like to see happen.

Check off the accomplishments world wide and see what still needs to
be done to make us truly space faring nations. (note: the PDF version
is in several files and I needed to find a computer with Acrobat
Reader 4.0 on it to have the index live - and some nice images as
well as a number of charts - you will need them as the HTML version
leaves them out)

As you may have noted in some of the other news letters, a Russian
supply vessel docks with international space station
* Progress Brings Food and Supplies to Station Alpha

This was an automatic docking of an un-manned supply vessel. Along
those same lines, the company I work for, Orbital Sciences Corp.,
just got an award from Marshall Space Flight center to build some
equipment for a Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology
(DART). See a snip at end. Just one of many opportunities that will
help us expand into space.

Boy, are we excited!! How about you? Do the things you see while
looking up get you heart pounding? Are you really excited? I think
there are many reasons to be so. You ARE making it happen, and that
could be a dosimeter from Hungary for use on the ISS, or an imaging
satellite helping check on rain fall (or lack there of) To you who
are looking up, have a great day.

Special K.
Farmers will soon have a new tool for getting the most out of their
fields. NASA's Aqua satellite will provide crucial information about
the water in the ground and the weather on the horizon.

NASA Leadership and America's Future in Space:
A Report to the Administrator by Dr. Sally K. Ride, August 1987.
Commonly known as the Ride report, this document is available from on the Web in an html
version (with fully searchable text) and a pdf version (with
full-color graphics). Special thanks to Mike Walker, Eracenia
Kennedy, and Diane Reid, for their assistance with document scanning
and preparation.

Preface Page 5
Introduction 7
Leadership in Space 11
Strategic Option Development 115

Leadership Initiatives 21
       Mission to Planet Earth 23

       Exploration of the Solar System 26

       Outpost on the Moon 29

       Humans to Mars 32

Programmatic Assessment 37
Evaluation of Initiatives 49
Conclusion 57
Additional Studies 60
References 62
Picture Credits 62
Acknowledgements 63
Date: Thu, 24 May 2001 09:40:23 -0400 (EDT)
To: undisclosed-recipients:;

Donald Savage
Headquarters, Washington, DC May 24, 2001
(Phone: 202/358-1547)

RELEASE: 01-99


      NASA approved development of a robotic spacecraft
mission that reads more like a story line from a science
fiction movie script. Imagine intercepting a comet in deep
space and using a heavy projectile to blow a hole in the
celestial body, some seven stories deep and about the size of
a football field.

In a space exploration first, NASA's Deep Impact Mission will
attempt to use a probe to collide with a comet in an attempt
to peer beneath its surface. Scheduled for launch in January
2004, the unique spacecraft is expected to arrive at comet
Tempel 1 in July 2005.

Researchers hope the impact will allow them to measure
freshly exposed material and study samples hidden deep below
the surface of the comet, which could yield dramatic
scientific breakthroughs.

The 770 pound impactor, equipped with a camera, will separate
from the flyby spacecraft and slam into the comet at an
approximate speed of 22,300 miles per hour, blasting material
from the comet into space with the force of its impact. A
camera and infrared spectrometer on the flyby spacecraft,
along with ground-based observatories, will study the
resulting icy debris and exposed pristine interior material.

The total cost of Deep Impact to NASA is $279 million. The
principal investigator, Dr. Michael A'Hearn, University of
Maryland, College Park, will lead a team consisting of NASA's
Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, CA, and Ball Aerospace
Technology Corp., Boulder, CO, which will build the

Comet Tempel 1 was discovered in 1867. Orbiting the sun every
five and a half years, it has made many passages through the
inner solar system. This makes it a good target to study
evolutionary change in the mantle, or upper crust, of the

Scientists are eager to learn whether comets exhaust their
supply of gas and ice to space or seal it into their
interiors. They would also like to learn how a comet's
interior is different from its surface. The controlled
cratering experiment of this mission could provide those

NASA's Discovery Program emphasizes lower-cost, highly
focused scientific missions within the Space Science
enterprise. NASA has developed six other Discovery Program
missions. Three have completed their missions, one is
operational and two others, in addition to Deep Impact, are
under development:

* In 1997, the Mars Pathfinder lander, carrying a small
robotic rover named Sojourner, landed successfully on Mars
and returned hundreds of images and thousands of measurements
of the Martian environment.

* The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft
orbited the asteroid Eros for a year, ending with a
successful landing on February 12, 2001.

* The Lunar Prospector orbiter mapped the Moon's composition
and gravity field and completed its highly successful mission
in July 1999.

* The Stardust mission to gather samples of comet dust and
return them to Earth was launched in February 1999, and is on
its way to comet Wild-2.

* The Genesis mission to gather samples of the solar wind
and return them to Earth is scheduled for launch on July 30,

* The Comet Nucleus Tour (CONTOUR) mission to fly closely by
three comets is scheduled for launch in June 2002.

More information on the Deep Impact mission, including images
and animations of the impact, is available on the Internet



                             * * *

NASA press releases and other information are available automatically
by sending an Internet electronic mail message to
In the body of the message (not the subject line) users should type
the words "subscribe press-release" (no quotes). The system will
reply with a confirmation via E-mail of each subscription. A second
automatic message will include additional information on the service.
NASA releases also are available via CompuServe using the command

>NASA/MSFC - Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology
>(DART): On May 18 MSFC announced Orbital's Launch Systems Group
>(LSG) as the winner of the DART Program. Orbital's Technical
>Services Division will build the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (3
>flight units, 2 final prototype units and 1 qualification unit) for

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Larry R. Kellogg

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